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Annotated Bibliography: Oral Proficiency Testing


This annotated bibliography presents pertinent and useful research in the field of Oral Proficiency Testing, ranging from foundational publications to the latest innovations and studies, from 1988 to the present. It is divided into several categories by topic and common theme for ease of use: (1) Overviews and background; (2) Validity and validation studies; (3) Test and task design; (4) Oral proficiency assessment development; (5) Interlocutor and examinee characteristics; (6) Raters and interviewers; (7) Implementation and use; (8) Oral proficiency testing and curriculum; and (9) Technology. Throughout the bibliography, the American Council of Teachers of Foreign Languages will be referred to by the acronym ACTFL, and the Oral Proficiency Interview will be referred to as the OPI.

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References on evaluation and SLO assessment in language education programs


This annotated bibliography presents pertinent and useful research in the field of program evaluation and student learning outcome (SLO) assessment in language education programs.

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The Foreign Language Assessment Directory (FLAD)


The Foreign Language Assessment Directory (FLAD) is a free, searchable directory of information on nearly 200 tests in over 90 languages. You can search for the test you need by language, grade level, proficiency level, intended test use, and skill tested. There is also a free online companion tutorial that introduces key concepts in language testing to support test selection. The tutorial explains concepts such as validity, reliability, practicality and impact to support the appropriate and efficient use of tests and test results.

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In 1990, the Department of Education established the first Language Resource Centers (LRCs) at U.S. universities in response to the growing national need for expertise and competence in foreign languages. Now, twenty-five years later, Title VI of the Higher Education Act supports sixteen LRCs, creating a national network of resources to promote and improve the teaching and learning of foreign languages.

LRCs create language learning and teaching materials, offer professional development opportunities for language instructors, and conduct and disseminate research on foreign language learning. All LRCs engage in efforts that enable U.S. citizens to better work, serve, and lead.

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Each LRC has a unique story and mission, but all LRC work is organized around eight basic areas:
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  • Professional development
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  • Outreach and dissemination

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